The Sovereignty of God

Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things which have not been done, saying, ‘My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all My good pleasure’ (Isa. 46:9-10)       

       God is the sovereign Creator-Lord of the universe (Gen. 1:1; Ps. 115:3; 135:6; Dan. 4:35).  He is infinitely good, and all good things were created by Him, for Him, and to His glory. From Genesis to Revelation, God governs the lives of people and nations.  People exist because God gives them life.  David writes, “Know that the LORD Himself is God; it is He who has made us, and not we ourselves” (Ps. 100:3).  He determines the duration of each person’s life, having final control over the day and cause of a person’s death.  It is written, “in Your book were all written the days that were ordained for me, when as yet there was not one of them” (Ps. 139:16).  And Hannah, in her stately prayer says, “The LORD kills and makes alive; He brings down to Sheol and raises up” (1 Sam. 2:6).  People live and die as God decides, “for in Him we live and move and exist” (Acts 17:28).  God controls when and where people live in history, for “He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation” (Acts 17:26).  Even the great rulers of this world exist because of His plan, for “It is He who changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men and knowledge to men of understanding” (Dan. 2:21).  God has power over wealth and poverty, for “The LORD makes poor and rich; He brings low, He also exalts” (1 Sam. 2:7).  The Lord is supreme over all His creation, “Whatever the LORD pleases, He does, in heaven and in earth, in the seas and in all deeps” (Ps. 135:6).  God declares, “My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all My good pleasure” (Isa. 46:10).  No one can understand all His ways, or stop what He has set in motion.  “All the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, but He does according to His will in the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of earth; and no one can ward off His hand or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’” (Dan 4:35).  God allows fallen angels and humans to produce sin and evil, but they never act beyond or against His sovereign will (Job 1:1-21; Ps. 105:12-15; 1 Kings 22:19-23; 2 Cor. 12:7-10).  God’s sovereignty over all creation is a prevailing theme throughout Scripture.  God has many attributes[1], but His sovereignty is foremost.  The Bible reveals God is righteous and just, truthful and loving, merciful and gracious, and the humble boast that they know Him.

Thus says the LORD, “Let not a wise man boast of his wisdom, and let not the mighty man boast of his might, let not a rich man boast of his riches; but let him who boasts boast of this, that he understands and knows Me, that I am the LORD who exercises lovingkindness, justice and righteousness on earth; for I delight in these things,” declares the LORD. (Jer. 9:23-24)

Steven R. Cook, M.Div. 

[1] Scripture reveals God is: sovereign (Gen. 1:1; Ps. 115:3; 135:6; Dan. 4:35), omniscient (Ps. 139:1-6; Matt. 6:31-33), omnipotent (Job 42:2; Isa. 40:28-29), omnipresent (Ps. 139:7-12; Heb. 13:5), righteous (Ps. 11:7; 119:137), just (Ps. 9:7-8; 19:9; 50:6; 58:11), holy (Ps. 99:9), immutable (Ps. 102:26, 27; Mal. 3:6), truthful (2 Sam. 7:28; John 17:17; 1 John 5:20), loving (Jer. 31:3; 1 John 4:7-12, 16),  faithful (Deut. 7:9; Lam. 3:23; 1 John 1:9), merciful (Ps. 86:15; Luke 6:36; Tit. 3:5), gracious (Ps. 111:4; 116:5; 1 Pet. 5:10), and eternal (Deut. 33:27; 1 Tim. 1:17).

About Steven R. Cook, M.Div.

Steven is a Christian educator. His webpages communicate evangelical Christian doctrines and topics. Steven earned a Master of Divinity degree in 2006 and pursued doctoral work in Expository Preaching and Systematic Theology. His articles are theological, devotional, and promote a biblical worldview. Studies in the original languages of Scripture, ancient history, and systematic theology have been the foundation for Steven’s teaching and writing ministry. He has written several Christian books, dozens of articles on Christian theology, and recorded more than three hundred hours of audio and video sermons. Steven worked in jail ministry for over twelve years, taught in Bible churches, and currently leads a Bible study each week at his home in Arlington, Texas.
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5 Responses to The Sovereignty of God

  1. John Flanagan says:

    Thank you for sharing…..Praise God.

  2. Pingback: God’s Sovereignty – by Charles H. Spurgeon | Thinking on Scripture

  3. Pingback: The Providence of God | Thinking on Scripture

  4. Pingback: A Biblical Worldview | Thinking on Scripture

  5. Pingback: The Doctrine of Election | Thinking on Scripture

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